A new study from the Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Osnabrück, Germany, shows the next step in the development of autonomous vehicles and its ethical implications. According to the study the artificial intelligence is developing into making ethical decisions when the human driver has to make a choice and are not able to. And in this context, the AI will be able to evaluate the human’s behaviour and take action to solve the problem. This should be seen in the light of that most road accidents is caused by human error or misconduct. The AI-based autonomous system is then not only workable for the driver’s comfort, but also as a security system to avoid accidents. The research was conducted with simulations of different traffic situations and as a comment to results, the authors of the report says:
“Autonomous self-driving cars will be the first generation of robots to make moral decisions in the midst of our society. It is therefore urgently necessary to develop rules and possible courses of action for autonomous vehicles, which determine how such machines should behave in unavoidable accident situations.”
Professor Dr. med. Peter König and Maximilian Wächter of the Institute of Cognitive Science.